The Benefits of Indoor GPS

indoor gps

An indoor positioning system, also called an indoor gps, can be a useful tool for businesses that need to know their exact location in an indoor environment. While it cannot transmit signals through walls, it can provide location intelligence that helps businesses make informed decisions. The benefits of using an indoor gps system are numerous. This technology is relatively new, but its power is undeniable. To get the most out of it, you should choose a system that improves your operations and generates actionable information.

Reference point-based

There are a number of advantages to reference point-based indoor positioning, such as improved accuracy and reduced cost. Reference point-based indoor positioning relies on the knowledge of known coordinates to calculate distances between objects. By finding all possible coordinates that satisfy distances from a reference point, new coordinates can be calculated. Earlier research focused on improving the accuracy of these distances. Now, several studies have been proposed to provide alternative indoor positioning solutions.

Indoor positioning can be implemented in two ways, handset-based and network-based. Handset-based indoor positioning consists of a mobile terminal and several APs, or reference points, located in the area. The mobile terminal stores the known positions of the reference points and APs and estimates the path loss exponent in a propagation model. The network-based system combines several APs and a reference point to calculate the location of a mobile device.

In addition to reader-based systems, reference point-based indoor positioning uses standard Bluetooth Low Energy beacons. These smart location-aware tags calculate their position based on reference points, and then connect to a centralized access point. BLE access points are placed every 100 feet inside the facility, where tags transmit encrypted location data. With the advancements in microchip technology, these systems are becoming increasingly sensitive, enabling them to receive satellite signals in a wide range of indoor environments.

Indoor positioning is an essential function in many end-user applications, including military and civilian missions, peacekeeping missions, and disaster relief operations. Because indoor positioning requires a greater degree of accuracy than outdoor environments, it has become a critical function in many end-user environments. The difficulty of indoor positioning makes this application a challenge. Fortunately, there are now reference point-based indoor GPS systems that can perform much better.

Reference point-based indoor gps systems have other advantages, too. For example, they are more accurate when robots are moving in a blind spot. They can also help robots that are stuck in situations where stationary reference points are not accessible. A collaboration between robots can help the stuck robot recalculate its position. And since this method has many advantages, it is a great addition to any home or office environment.


Indoor GPS systems are devices that use proximity to determine their position. They are based on Bluetooth low-energy units that send identifying information to mobile devices nearby. This enables them to determine their location in centimeter-level accuracy. Bluetooth-based systems use proximity sensing and RSS fingerprinting. They are widely used in retail, office buildings, and sports venues. Their benefits are numerous. Here are a few.

The cost of proximity-based indoor GPS is relatively low. However, proximity-based indoor GPS systems may not be as accurate as beacons. The cost of multi-spectrum sensors can be five to ten times higher than those of beacons. Moreover, multi-spectrum sensors are more expensive than beacons and require regular recharges and physical wiring. They are also not as convenient as beacons and may not work as well as advertised.

Indoor GPS technologies can be classified by their range. There are three types of distance-based indoor localization technologies. One type uses a camera to determine its location, while another uses a gyroscope to estimate its location. Each one is used for different purposes, and their accuracy varies accordingly. Fortunately, a number of companies are working on solutions to this problem. Ultimately, the goal of these technologies is to provide better indoor localization capabilities. The key to successful indoor GPS systems is to be accurate, reliable, and easy to use.

Indoor positioning can be used for a variety of applications, including wayfinding. It is an essential component of most smart networks and Internet of Things applications. Using radio signals to detect the location of objects is a crucial part of these applications. Bluetooth, Wi-Fi (WPS), and NFC can all be used to detect objects in a specific location. Those devices can be carried around or placed throughout the room.

Indoor localization is also useful in emergency situations. It can help rescuers find victims quickly and pinpoint their positions. Using an indoor localization enabled device or system can also help a building's residents find the shortest escape routes. In cases of fire, thick smoke can make it difficult for people to see. Using indoor navigation can make these situations far more manageable. And if the building is evacuated, the device can be used by the residents to find their way out.

Bluetooth short-range wireless

With the widespread availability of wireless connectivity, Bluetooth has become an excellent choice for indoor positioning. Bluetooth Low Energy is a radio-frequency technology that is used for indoor positioning and other location-based IoT applications. Bluetooth has several advantages over other wireless technologies, including its small size and low cost, which makes it easy to incorporate into many applications. The advantages of Bluetooth indoor positioning systems make them a good choice for indoor navigation, proximity services, and more.

GPS, a well-known outdoor navigation system, is not reliable indoors. Bluetooth addresses this problem by providing an accurate solution for short-range wireless communication. Bluetooth is already widely available and can be used in most digital devices. Bluetooth indoor positioning uses signal-based parameters to calculate the position of an unknown transmitter relative to a known base station. The accuracy of the system depends on the measurements taken from the environment and the parameters selected for estimation.

Bluetooth direction finding technology was introduced with Bluetooth 5.1 in January 2019. It uses a constellation of multi-antenna anchors to triangulate the precise location of a mobile device. Bluetooth 5.1-based indoor positioning can provide meter-level accuracies. Bluetooth SIG standards ensure that Bluetooth indoor positioning services work with both niche and mass-market applications. Its popularity has increased because of the growing number of consumer-facing applications.

The range of Bluetooth indoor positioning systems is greatly dependent on the direction of radio signals. The range of Bluetooth devices can range up to one kilometer. Bluetooth devices generally limit their power output to 2.5 milliwatts. Bluetooth devices are typically designed to operate within ten meters of each other, but the actual range can be significantly lower because of the signal traveling through walls. Bluetooth low energy beacons, on the other hand, can operate at a greater range.

Bluetooth IPS has many benefits over other technologies for indoor positioning. It can be easier to implement and program, and it is low-power. Bluetooth indoor positioning devices can also switch from GPS to Bluetooth beacons when the outdoor positioning becomes necessary. A recent example of a Bluetooth indoor positioning system is Integra, which implemented a location-aware service for an enterprise. This system automatically switched between Bluetooth and GPS beacons, providing accurate location tracking with low power consumption.

Active RFID

Real-time indoor positioning systems can be implemented with the help of radio frequency identification (RFID). This type of system can help in the guidance and support service of staff and patients. The system is based on the exploration of the received signal strength indicator, which is collected by RFID readers. This system uses an extended Kalman filter to determine the maximum likelihood of the user's position. It can also compensate for variations in stride length within and between people.

The error caused by the location prediction is highest when heading is not known. This correction method was integrated into the Strap-Down approach, which prevented the drift between RFID locations. The result is a tracked position that shows the "actual" path that the active RFID device took after recording a series of consecutive tags. The error of the tracked position is only 0.97 m, which is low in comparison to the standard deviation.

Similarly, RFID trilateration can be used to determine a person's position in a room or building. Active RFID tags can provide sensor information, enabling the system to locate a user within a limited range. A recent test near the Vienna University of Technology used this method to determine the position of a user. The results of this research are expected to have applications in indoor gps. With the help of IPS, users can track the exact position of an object without the use of satellites.

Active RFID technology can be used to manage inventory. This type of system has several benefits, including a database of information that is updated in real-time. Besides, RFID can help identify patients or medical equipment. A reader can recognize the tag's relative position and can be carried by a target for easier tracking. Its versatility and ease of use make it a viable option for businesses. These devices can reduce costs and failure points.

Aside from being inexpensive, passive RFID tags do not require batteries or maintenance. They can be used in conjunction with an IMU to determine location. In addition, the relative movement of the directional antenna induced a change in the signal strength, depending on the field alignment. This signal changes serve as an update point for a dead reckoning indoor positioning system. Dead reckoning indoor positioning systems update a location based on the observation of fixed RFID tags.

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