St Pancras Station Architecture
St Pancras station architecture was much admired when it was built in 1868. At the time it was a bit outdated, but received a lot of praise from the architectural press. Scott had won respect from the architectural community, but his article united everyone behind him. The Architect called Emmett an 'able wordmonger' and suggested he try his hand at designing a building. He drafted an article that was widely circulated and was a huge hit.
St Pancras station was the largest uninterrupted covered space in the world
The vast roof structure of St Pancras is composed of 25 principal arched trusses, each weighing 55 tons. They are linked by longitudinal purlins and rise to a slight point at the crown. These trusses were chosen over earlier structures for both their protection from lateral winds and their aesthetic effect. The huge timber scaffolds used to cover the platform's surfaces were a further source of inspiration.
The trainshed at St Pancras station is an example of a trainshed, a kind of British station. It is 700 ft long, 240 feet wide, and 110 feet tall. The roof's curved shape, which resembled a sail, made it the largest covered space in the world. It was also the world's largest structure for 25 years.
Construction of St Pancras station began in 1864. The foundations were not completed until two years later. The progress was slowed down by the frequent digging up of human bones in the nearby graveyard. Furthermore, an outbreak of cholera caused the construction to be halted. In the end, it took more than 6,000 men, a thousand horses, and 100 steam cranes to complete the station.
The former station building is still a public building. A common walkway runs through the undercroft of Eurostar and will continue to connect the existing buildings. The pub in the undercroft will host a champagne bar where passengers can enjoy a celebratory drink alongside arriving trains. The refurbished space will also have 67 shops and restaurants. A farmers' market will also be established here. The new St Pancras station is a homage to the legacy of Sir John Betjeman and the British railways.
It was designed by George Gilbert Scott
George Gilbert Scott was a prolific architect of his age and later became the most prolific. He designed over 800 buildings in England and oversaw hundreds of restorations. His work includes churches, schools, workhouses and asylums, and he also restored eighteen medieval cathedrals. His work at St Pancras station is one of his best-known works. His designs are well worth a look.
Construction of the station began on 1 October 1868, with the ground level of the building being very little higher than the level of the platform. Midland booking clerks moved their equipment and stores to St Pancras, and the first passenger train left the station at 10am for Manchester. A report in The Builder magazine on the roof of St Pancras station showed that the station was close to being finished but the structure had not yet been raised above the hoarding.
The architecture of St Pancras station is largely unchanged from its original design. The geometric patterning that Scott favoured has been removed and the beams have been replaced by moulded plasterwork. The station was completed in 1872 but still looked quite dated when it was finished. Despite the criticism, Scott must have felt great satisfaction when he completed the building. This could be because he had been highly critical of the original design.
It was refurbished in 2000
The architectural design of St Pancras station has changed considerably over the past decade, from a Victorian parvenu to the new terminal for Eurostar. This article explores these changes, assessing them in light of current conservation ethics. It draws on published literature and observations of the station's redesign. The conclusions drawn suggest that conservation ethics have been inconsistently applied to St Pancras. Perhaps the most accurate description for the station's rebirth is'recycling'.
In the 2000s, the station was refurbished. The refurbishment project cost PS800 million, and included fifteen platforms, a shopping centre, a bus terminal, and a tube link. Two statues were added to the station grounds, including a John Betjeman tribute to the man who helped save the station from deterioration during the 1960s. The station serves the Midland Mainline, the Thameslink, and Eurostar. In the future, Deutsche Bahn may run trains through the Channel Tunnel.
In the 1960s, St Pancras station was set to be demolished. After a major renovation project in the 2000s, the station was reopened to the public. It now houses fifteen platforms and a secure terminal area. It is also used for Eurostar services and is part of the King's Cross Central regeneration area. This project was a triumph of creativity and innovation. There is no question that the new St Pancras station architecture is an incredible achievement.
It is a Grade I listed building
The historic and architectural significance of St Pancras station cannot be overstated. Having served as the gateway to Greater London for nearly 150 years, it is a Grade I listed building. Designed by William Henry Barlow, the same architect who completed Brunel's Cliffton Suspension Bridge, St Pancras station was once at risk of demolition, but it was saved from destruction at least twice. Today, it continues to serve the local community as one of London's most important sites.
The British Library is one of the most beautiful modern buildings in England. It features five public levels and eleven reading rooms. Its tower contains the library of George III. Its construction cost PS506 million and includes a treasures gallery, which houses historic books and documents. The nearby St Pancras Hotel is also Grade I listed. In the area of St Pancras station architecture, two other Grade I listed buildings are Regent's Park, and King's Cross.
The original building is a Grade I listed building, and is the best example of the English classical style. The redeveloped terminus of the station was described by Anglotopia writer and architecture critic Simon Calder as the "world's most beautiful railway station". Whether or not it is the best-designed building in London, there's no doubt that it will become a destination for passengers.
It is connected to six underground lines
The railway station is more than just a train terminal. This Grade I listed structure is a destination unto itself. St Pancras was built in 1868 by the Midland Railway, which operated trains between London and Leicester, Nottingham, Derby, and Sheffield. Today, the station is still used by the railway, but its platforms have been refurbished outside the original trainshed. Originally a hotel, St Pancras station is now the terminus for Eurostar London trains, but it also hosts domestic high-speed trains and services from the East Midlands.
The station is connected to six underground lines and is a landmark in London. It is the terminus of the Channel Tunnel Rail Link and the High-Speed 1/HS1 railway lines, and the British Museum is a 30-minute walk away. The architecture of the station has been admired since its heyday, and today the station boasts fifteen platforms, a coach facility, and a shopping centre.
The Victorian engineers that designed the station are responsible for the striking design. Its roof looks like a gothic vault, despite its Victorian design. The arched roof is made of medieval stone, glass, and iron. The Victorians aimed to make a modern station, but the Victorians were not satisfied with the reconstructed Liverpool Street. The station now serves six underground lines and four operators.
It has facilities for the disabled
The architecture of St Pancras station has been praised by critics and the general public alike. It was designed to cater to everyone, from the disabled to those with limited mobility. It offers facilities for the disabled, a wide variety of shops, cafes and restaurants, and two toilets. These toilets are located in the Arcade on the lower ground floor, past Excess Baggage Co., and are free. No showers are available.
The station's extensive infrastructure also includes modern technology such as Wi-Fi and touch-screen monitors in all retail outlets. During the construction phase, the station will also have facilities for the disabled. A separate building will be constructed for the disabled. The redevelopment will create a better environment for everyone, including the disabled. The enlarged Thameslink network will allow 12-car trains to pass through the area.
The station has also regenerated since the late 1950s, when the British government tried to demolish it. The resulting transformation has led to the construction of a PS6bn regeneration programme that includes the redevelopment of King Cross, the area around the station. During this time, the station was remodeled and new public works of art were added, including a statue of the poet John Betjeman and a 30' bronze sculpture called The Meeting Place. The station also boasts new oak doors for the main entrances. In the following decade, high speed domestic and international services began operating from St Pancras.
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